Novi Sad and Fruška Gora

Novi Sad is the second largest city in Serbia, after Belgrade. Also, the capital of northern Serbian province, Vojvodina. Few weeks ago I`ve spent two days there with my friends who live there and practice martial arts as well.
Vojvodina is a province with lot of different nations living there. Serbians, Croatians and Rusyns call a city Novi Sad, Hungarians Újvidék and Slovaks – Nový Sad. It is not unusual to hear language you don't understand even though people might be living in the neighbourhood or in some of the villages around town.
The city is located on the border of the Bačka and Srem regions, on the banks of the Danube river and Danube-Tisa-Danube Canal, facing the northern slopes of Fruška Gora mountain, about 70km from Belgrade. History facts state that first settlement was made in stone age, around 4500 B.C., on a right side of Danube, where Petrovaradin fortress is today. First fortress was made by Celts in 4th century B.C., later expanded by Romans in 1st century B.C. then destrouyed by Huns in 5th century. Byzantines reconstructed it but because of its position, a fortress was a target for almost every nation and army passing by in their conquests: Ostrogoths, Gepids, Avars, Franks, Bulgarians… Between 10th and 12th century it was invaded by Hungarians and the town was mentioned under the name Bélakút or Peturwarad (Pétervárad, Serbian: Petrovaradin).


photo by Wolfgang Hunscher, Dortmund
During the Habsburg rule, Orthodox Serbs were not alowed to live in Petrovaradin so they decided to found a new settlement on the left side of Danube in 1694. The new settlement was initially known as Serb City (Ratzen Stadt). In 1720. it was officially renamed to Novi Sad (Neoplanta in Latin) and in 1748. it became a "free royal city".
In a center of a city there is Roman Catholic church – The Name of Mary Church. The church was built at the remnants of an old church from 18th century. It was badly damaged during Revolution of 1848. but rebuilt and finished in 1894. by architect György Molnár.


It was raining during afternoon when I was there so I managed to make only few photos. But morning was nice and sunny so my friend and me decided to go to Fruška Gora, a mountain south of Novi Sad, toward some of its lakes and kid's summer camp Testera.

It got a name after old Serbian name for the Frankish people: Fruzi and it served as natural border during Frankish campaigns. In Roman times the name was Alma Mont.
Fruška Gora is about 80km long from east to west and about 15km from north to south and its highest peak is Crveni Čot at 539 m. It is famous for its monasteries, 17 of them, with Krušedol as the oldest one, from 1509. I want to go and spend some time hiking and visiting them and sice I know my friends are also interested, I hope we will develop that idea :happy:


***
More photos here.

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79 Responses to Novi Sad and Fruška Gora

  1. L2D2 says:

    I enjoyed the history and geography lesson Darko. So many places in the world that I learn about a little at a time here on Opera. Thank you. What I love about Europe is its age. American is so young it has no history such as you have related here. History, yes, ancient history….very little recorded.

  2. claudeb says:

    Great photos, too bad you couldn't take more.The historical information is also fascinating. Funny how some places seem to atract conquerors. Capidava, in Romania, has a history not unlike that of the Petrovaradin fortress, except Capidava has been a ruin since the Middle Ages.One thing in particular drew my attention:

    It is not unusual to hear language you don't understand even though people might be living in the neighbourhood or in some of the villages around town.

    Isn't that unusual? I would imagine people of different ethnicities, living close together for centuries, would learn each other's language. This is quite common in Romania, for example.

  3. Stardancer says:

    Fascinating post, Darko. Thank you for sharing.:smile:

  4. Dacotah says:

    I am in awe. Awesome photos Darko. Great post.

  5. ricewood says:

    Thanks for the tour – to a place I'd otherwise never see. If not first hand, then second hand.

  6. SittingFox says:

    Thanks for the interesting tour! 🙂 I've heard of Nova Sad and it's great to learn more about it.The photo of the field at the end is wonderful (oh dear, I think I'm homesick for the prairies :whistle:) And the forest looks so green. Could almost be Florida! :eyes:

  7. gdare says:

    Originally posted by ossian42:

    Best to read history from the primary source and not listen to school teachers who were usually drunk.

    😆 :faint:

  8. gdare says:

    Felix – some places never recovered from devastation, like that place you`ve mentioned, Capidava; I admit I needed to Google it to try to find more information; it is the same with some fortresses in Serbia, like Golubac for instance; as for languages, people in Vojvodina often speak some of the language of different ethnicity but not to the level of fluent knowledge; I don`t know why is that so :left:Linda, it is sad that history of American native tribes has no written traces, except for some Algonquin tribes; I bet it would be full of interesting details, even though their civilisation was not developed to the level of European middle age countries :up:Star, thank you; I like to put some historical facts in my posts, because I like history :DCarol, thank you; I didn`t make a lot of photos because most of the day, especially afternoon, was rainy, but at least I tried :DAllan, this is one of the reasons I am blogging – to see a places that I will maybe never have a chance to visit 🙂 as you`ve said, second hand experience :yes:Graham, thank you; you could make a post with some first hand Scotland history :yes: I would be glad to read it :)Adele – forest looks so green because this month we have a lot of rain, above average for June; so, everything looks fresh and alive 😀 Thanks for spending time reading my posts 🙂 My friend told me there are some sorts of eagles in Fruška Gora but I have seen only one flying predator and it was too far away for my camera to catch it :left: I need to get a better camera….

  9. L2D2 says:

    I love history, too, Dare and I think that is a good idea for Graham to do more history of Scotland on his blog, as my ancestry on my dad's side is Scottish.

  10. gdare says:

    So, Graham, you have two of us who would like to read about that. Get on work, man 😀

  11. PainterWoman says:

    That third photo makes me want to go wading in the water or lay down in the grass and stare up into the trees. Beautiful place Darko. Love the photos and history.

  12. Dacotah says:

    😀

  13. sanshan says:

    Beautiful landscape when it's not under water a metre of water. 😉 Funny, some of the scenery reminds me of my province. Eastern Europe is definitely a future travel destination for me. My grandparents were from this region.

  14. L2D2 says:

    Who knows what story Graham will come up with now….I am sure it will somehow have a historical twist to it. An Ossian twist. 😀

  15. L2D2 says:

    Yes, and he can interpret some of the words for us, too. 😆 And you might expect something about wearing kilts. :p

  16. gdare says:

    Thank you Mit. I got a lot of help from Wikipedia 😉

  17. thaodp says:

    Interesting post, Darko. I'm not good at history but you're a good teacher 😉

  18. gdare says:

    Pam, that lake is really small and there is a spring that fills it with water; my friend told me that during dry summers lake is no bigger than a small pond, but now it is full of water because of rain we had; we drank watr from that spring and it was ice cold :DCarol :DSan, they are from Eastern Europe? do you know something more? now you got me curious :)Linda, I guess it will include pipes, lochs and songs like this one 😀

  19. gdare says:

    😆 I forgot about kilts :doh:

  20. sanshan says:

    I'm 1/4 Slovak. I'll ask my mom where her dad came from. I think it was around Bratislava. He was always very adamant that he was NOT Czechoslovakian, but SLOVAK!

  21. gdare says:

    Originally posted by L2D2:

    smidgen

    What does that word mean?

  22. gdare says:

    I am half Slovak, my father`s ancestors came from somewhere around Bratislava to Vojvodina about 300 years ago 😀

  23. gdare says:

    Do you know which country they came from?

  24. gdare says:

    Linda 😆

  25. L2D2 says:

    Dare, after 300 years, don't you think that Slovak blood would just be a smidgen? :p

  26. sanshan says:

    Slovakia and Poland

  27. gdare says:

    Thanks for a word :DSlovaks in Vojvodina were homogenous society and they rarely mixed with other nations. I have some relatives in Kisač, a village about 20km north from Novi Sad and the main language there is Slovak. I have made a family tree and as far as I know, from my father`s side we have Slovak blood line for about 140 years by now. My mother is from Croatia so my brother and me might be the first to break the line 😀

  28. L2D2 says:

    Maybe you should find a Slovak girl, Dare, and carry on that line. Hurry!!:p

  29. L2D2 says:

    Just a tiny bit. A very small quantity or portion; a bit or mite: "a smidgen of genius, a sliver of cutting truth" (John Simon) That definition from online dictionary. See, you learned a new English word this morning.

  30. sanshan says:

    Well, that's where I got my grey/green eyes from. 🙄

  31. claudeb says:

    Originally posted by gdare:

    Capidava; I admit I needed to Google it to try to find more information;

    My bad, I should have provided a link. Guess I was even lazier than my usual self. The story of the Golubac fortress is fascinating, and even richer than that of Capidava (or perhaps just better known). But the parallels are interesting.

  32. gdare says:

    Sanshan, Slovaks are very proud of their origin 😀 I remember I was travelling by train from Gyor (Hungaria) to Bratislava in 1991. and there was one very old man at the same train, telling me different stories and I remember he told me Slovakia will spearate from Czechoslovakia because they are different nation. I was thinking about what nonsense this old man was talking to me but in a year or two Czechoslovakia ceased to exist :left:Felix, I think when Otoman Empire started to invade in Europe, a lot of cities has the same destiny – to surrender or to be destroyed; many of them are now forgotten forever :eyes:

  33. sanshan says:

    I wish I could've known my grandpa when I was an adult, I have so many questions to ask now. Even though he died when I was only 8 I have very strong memories of him. This is a big reason I want to visit Eastern Europe.

  34. sanshan says:

    Don't like that word "should", but yes, I will do it. 😀

  35. gdare says:

    Then you should do it :up:

  36. MizzMartinez says:

    Wow! It seems to be really nice! 🙂 I've been thinking of going to Serbia next summer…but perhaps already now. Then I could definitely see this small treasures in the world! How expensive is life over there?

  37. fammcdon says:

    FWIW, I'm 1/2 Slovak (mother's side, both grandparents) and 1/2 Irish (father's side, both grandparents). Unfortunately, I don't know the details of my Slovak side and I have completely forgotten all the bits of the language that my grandparents had taught me.

  38. Dacotah says:

    Darko :happy:

  39. AnitaMargita says:

    Ponovo fenomenalan post! 🙂 Bila sam u Novom Sadu dva puta na kratko, pa nisam bila u prilici da obidjem znamenitosti. Kad ponovo budem bila tamo, znam koja su mesta vredna posete. 🙂

  40. gdare says:

    Bud, it seems there are a lot of Slovaks around 😀 Or with mixed Slovak origins 😀 I don`t speak Slovak language as well, but I can understand a lot :happy:MizzM, it is not expensive, you would be surprised with some prieces. Low wages are what makes our life harder :left:Anita, Petrovaradin svakako vredi videti (sa ili bez Exit-a 😛 ) kao i centar, oko Porte i crkve. Njihova ulica Laze Telečkog je pandan ulici Strahinjića Bana na Dorćolu – mnogo kafića i još više sveta, ali bez saobraćaja; ako jednom budeš išla u provod u NS, to mesto je nezaobilazno ;)Carol, nice avatar 🙂

  41. L2D2 says:

    Dare, guess what I have been doing. I installed IE8 earlier today. And I put an add-on that is TV ONline.Org or something like that. I can watch TV stations all over the world. I listened to 4 stations in SERBIA. One was called NetTVFolk, another was RTV1 and 2 Vojvodina, and something called Studio B that didn't work. I also watched several stations in Iran, and one in Slovenia. I feel like I have discovered a new toy. Now, if I just knew Serbian…..:D

  42. gdare says:

    Linda, 😆 I have IE8 installed in my PC, I will try to put that add-on to check on it; I have never heard for NetTVFolk but this is probably some kind of satellite/Interent broadcasting program, RTV 1 and 2 (or is it RTS?) are our official TV stations, Vojvodina too and Studio B is Belgrade TV and radio station, the most famous one.Now, you may start to learn Serbian 😀

  43. gdare says:

    Do you remember tha name of the band?

  44. L2D2 says:

    No, the guy singing had close-cropped dark hair, looked middle-aged, and was pretty hefty. I just listened a few seconds then went to another channel.

  45. gdare says:

    It could be anybody 😆

  46. L2D2 says:

    Wouldn't that be something? 😆 Be sort of hard to do though, without an English dub or English lyrics posted.When I tuned in to RTwhatever 1, it was a band and the guy was singing in English! I got tickled.

  47. L2D2 says:

    Dare, I thought this was a hoot…I went back to RTV1 Vojvodina and there were some little girls performing dance, so I went to RTV2 and it was an American show, some kind of mystery, and the thing was captioned in what I am assuming was Serbian language. 😆 😆 I might learn to WRITE Serbian, but not speak much that way.

  48. gdare says:

    :yes:

  49. L2D2 says:

    Can you watch TV all over the world on the iplayer Graham? I am having fun with the TV streamer I installed yesterday. I was looking at Serbian TV from Vojvodina, expecting to hear spoken Serbian….so it is an American whodunit in English with Serbian captioning. That was a bit of irony.

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