Novi Sad is the second largest city in Serbia, after Belgrade. Also, the capital of northern Serbian province, Vojvodina. Few weeks ago I`ve spent two days there with my friends who live there and practice martial arts as well.
Vojvodina is a province with lot of different nations living there. Serbians, Croatians and Rusyns call a city Novi Sad, Hungarians Újvidék and Slovaks – Nový Sad. It is not unusual to hear language you don't understand even though people might be living in the neighbourhood or in some of the villages around town.
The city is located on the border of the Bačka and Srem regions, on the banks of the Danube river and Danube-Tisa-Danube Canal, facing the northern slopes of Fruška Gora mountain, about 70km from Belgrade. History facts state that first settlement was made in stone age, around 4500 B.C., on a right side of Danube, where Petrovaradin fortress is today. First fortress was made by Celts in 4th century B.C., later expanded by Romans in 1st century B.C. then destrouyed by Huns in 5th century. Byzantines reconstructed it but because of its position, a fortress was a target for almost every nation and army passing by in their conquests: Ostrogoths, Gepids, Avars, Franks, Bulgarians… Between 10th and 12th century it was invaded by Hungarians and the town was mentioned under the name Bélakút or Peturwarad (Pétervárad, Serbian: Petrovaradin).
photo by Wolfgang Hunscher, Dortmund
During the Habsburg rule, Orthodox Serbs were not alowed to live in Petrovaradin so they decided to found a new settlement on the left side of Danube in 1694. The new settlement was initially known as Serb City (Ratzen Stadt). In 1720. it was officially renamed to Novi Sad (Neoplanta in Latin) and in 1748. it became a "free royal city".
In a center of a city there is Roman Catholic church – The Name of Mary Church. The church was built at the remnants of an old church from 18th century. It was badly damaged during Revolution of 1848. but rebuilt and finished in 1894. by architect György Molnár.
It was raining during afternoon when I was there so I managed to make only few photos. But morning was nice and sunny so my friend and me decided to go to Fruška Gora, a mountain south of Novi Sad, toward some of its lakes and kid's summer camp Testera.
It got a name after old Serbian name for the Frankish people: Fruzi and it served as natural border during Frankish campaigns. In Roman times the name was Alma Mont.
Fruška Gora is about 80km long from east to west and about 15km from north to south and its highest peak is Crveni Čot at 539 m. It is famous for its monasteries, 17 of them, with Krušedol as the oldest one, from 1509. I want to go and spend some time hiking and visiting them and sice I know my friends are also interested, I hope we will develop that idea :happy:
More photos here.
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