Chair

I was thinking for quite some time to make a post about chairs. Why about chairs, you may ask. And answer is quite simple – the most of my day I spent in some kind of chair. When I wake up, I sit on my computer desk chair, sipping coffee and reading comments in MyOpera. When I go to job, I sit in bus seat. In my office I have nice leather chair so I can spent a lot of time working with my computer. Usually I sit when I have a lunch break. In pub, it is the best to sit with your friends and have a beer… πŸ˜€ A life that we know is almost unimaginable without that simple piece of furniture.
In history, chairs appear in ancient Egypt as a sign of richness – made of ebony or wood, covered with expensive materials, chairs were privilege of pharaohs and priests of a high rank. Greek and Roman chairs were usually made of marble, ornamented with sphinxes and the feet of beasts. Byzantium ones had lions` heads and winged figures of Victory (Nike) with dolphin shaped arms. Chair of Dagobert, saved in Louvre, Paris was made of bronze, legs made as heads and feet of animals. The most famous was 13th century English chair made for king Edward I, made from oak and covered with gilded gesso; most of the latter monarchs were crowned in it. By the 12th century, sitting in floors was rare in China, unlike for the rest of Asia; chairs and stools were used in the vast majority of houses throughout the country. Also, the sedan chair was used for transporting nobles by slaves or lower ranking servants.
In Europe, during times of Renaissance, chair was not a privilege of high ranking persons or rulers but a necessity of whoever was able to afford it. By 17th century they were mostly made of oak, sometimes covered with leather, rarely with silk or velvet.
In 1830, Michael Thonet began with making furniture out of glued and bent wooden slats. His first success was the Bopparder Schichtholzstuhl (Boppard layerwood chair) in 1836. After Koblenz trade fair in 1841. he was invited to come to Vienna where he continued his work, making furniture mostly for Imperial family. In 1859. he made a "chair of the chairs" – chair Nr. 14 – better known as Konsumstuhl Nr. 14 (coffee shop chair no. 14).


chair Nr. 14
It was produced in about 30 million pieces until 1930. and still remained as the most coppied chair in history. I have seen it, in various derivated models, throughout Europe, in restaurants and bars.

variations of chair nr. 14 in Wien Museum
Today, chairs are made of various materials in a millions of shapes – mostly depending on purpose and the place it is used. Design considerations for chairs have been codified into standards – ISO 9241 for office chairs; ISO 7174 specifies stability of rocking and tilting chairs; ASTM F1858-98 specifies plastic lawn chairs.

rocking chair in the Adirondack style made of rough wood to give it a rustic look
***
Now, I am satisfied with a post I made. I will make myself a cup of coffee, lean into my favourite chair and wait for your comments πŸ˜€

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51 Responses to Chair

  1. PainterWoman says:

    Love this post Darko. I've a thing for chairs. I probably have about ten of them, all either found on the side of the road, bought at second hand stores or garage sale, or given to me. I have plans for all of them. As of now, I've finished two. One is an old park bench I bought for $20 at a garage sale. I repainted it dark green and it sits in the back yard. Another is a wooden kitchen chair that I painted red and just have to recover the seat part. It sits in my livingroom. Besides all my paintings and supplies, this is one of the other reasons my house and patio are so cluttered. Everything is a project in the works.

  2. gdare says:

    I think the information I found was for early Roman rulers` chairs. In centuries before Christ…. But you may be right as well. I didn`t dig too much as I wanted to keep my post as short as possible πŸ˜€

  3. gdare says:

    πŸ˜†

  4. OkayPJs says:

    I love that little rocking chair! My favourite chairs are simple things, preferably made from a dark wood such as ebony. I love chairs with delicate, ornate carvings, too. I never knew the history of the coffee shop chairs, it was an interesting read, thank you!

  5. gdare says:

    Pam – can you make a photo of both chairs, it would be interesting to see them?PJ – I was more interested in them when I saw these 6 ones in Vienna Museum, because I recognized the style. At first I thought they are there for museum visitors to sit and rest their legs πŸ˜†

  6. LorenzoCelsi says:

    The earlier roman rulers were a little more than shepherds. I guess they could have marble seats in the Senate and other public places. But for sure they did not use "marble chairs" in everyday life. Besides the cost and the fact that you ice your butt when you sit on marble in winter, try to move a chair made of marble around your house. :)Besides, it was very expensive due the need to cut it out from the mountains and transport in place with special carriages or boats when possible. Like I said, Romans built with bricks.99.9% of every day tools were made of wood. Cheap, easy to find, easy to use, flexible. Containers for fluids were made in ceramics and very few items were made in metal, that was extremely expensive.

  7. LorenzoCelsi says:

    You don't really believe the romans had chairs made in marble, do you…Those were for the nobles and the rich. The poor sat together on a wooden horizontal board, something like this one:Keep in mind roman houses were different from ours, most private rooms were small and dark, with a bare minimum fornitures and usually without windows. People mostly lived together in the main room or outside in some public place. Marble was used only for the temples, the public buildings like theatres, the forum and such. Like today, it was very expensive so most roman buildings were actually made with bricks. They also pioneered the use of concrete.

  8. ricewood says:

    Nice post. I like that sort of trivia – it's like watching Discovery Channel. I learned something new today – partly because of your post and partly through the comments here. The above is the chair I am sitting on while writing this.

  9. OkayPJs says:

    Oh dear πŸ˜† you didn't sit on one, did you?

  10. Zaphira says:

    I've never given chairs so much thought, so this was an interesting post. I like rocking chairs as well; when I get old I want one with a giant soft plaid in it. :happy:

  11. gdare says:

    PJ – luckily there was my friend to warn me :lol:Zap – I like rocking chairs too but I don`t have it :awww:Allan – nice one you have there :up: I like my office chair too, it make me stay relaxed for a long time, unlike the previous one πŸ˜€

  12. thaodp says:

    I can't say anything except a great post :love: I love the rocking chair, my grandpa has one, it's bigger and I usually sit on it.

  13. ellinidata says:

    this is a great post Darko,I love my chair too :)I also want it to be in a special location in the house,in an area that I will look the trees from the window…I guess we got some extra padding in a certain area to sit on it but after a while a good chair takes the pain away …:lol:chairs are special!Also thanks to your post now I know where Allan's "rear" is resting too!nice one Allan ! :p:heart:

  14. rose-marie says:

    :eyes: You get to sit on the bus in the morning? :pNice post! I like chairs – especially from the 60's :D.

  15. gdare says:

    Mit – thanks :)Rose – sometimes I have even two seats free :PAngeliki – they are special, right, especially when bottom gets used to it :DMik – man of a lots of pleasures you are πŸ˜€

  16. ellinidata says:

    exactly! and God knows we all have an eclectic one!!! πŸ˜†

  17. gdare says:

    πŸ˜†

  18. DarkSunsGlare says:

    Nice post. :)Many people think – a chair is a chair – you have some legs, a board to sit on and something to lean your back on. The thruth is – there's a lot more to it, as I have no doubt you already know.I made my computer chair, with the help of my dad, out of a car seat we bought on the car-dump :left: . It has some metal framework below the seat, and retains the adjustments of the seat. It also has a nicely shaped board attached to the right, which serves as a hand rest and mouse pad :DWe made sure to make it ergonomic, and it's very comfortable to sit in. Not the cushiest, softest thing in the world, but soft enough while still providing the support for the lumbar (one of the most important aspects of a chair).That rocking chair rocks! :ko:

  19. Furie says:

    That's my dream chair. Had it once but it didn't survive a move. 😦

  20. gdare says:

    Archon – can you put a photo of it? I would like to see that chair definitely :up:Mik – sorry to hear that 😦 Few yers ago I was at some office and home furniture fair here in Belgrade and have found office chair of my dreams – I sat on it and it felt wonderful πŸ˜€ But the price was more than ridiculous, about 1100 eur :faint: I don`t know who can afford it…

  21. gdare says:

    I was trying to find it on the Internet. It looked pretty much like this one

  22. LorenzoCelsi says:

    When I owned a web company in the new economy bubble, we had chairs like that one, from this firm:http://www.dauphin.com/adjust_swivel.htmIf I remember it correctly they cost over 500 euros each. Right now I am sitting on a chair like this: and this explains a lot about what happened to the new economy. πŸ™‚

  23. gdare says:

    πŸ˜†

  24. Furie says:

    It looks like Johnny 5. :insane:

  25. SittingFox says:

    Now that is an original post! :DI've just spent eight hours sitting on an aeroplane seat. I prefer my own chair! πŸ˜‰

  26. SittingFox says:

    😦 That wasn't too nice of them!

  27. SittingFox says:

    Oh boy, poor you :insane: At least I'm quite short!

  28. gdare says:

    Mik – what/who is Johnny 5?Adele – Ouch!!! I know how are you feeling. Soon I will have 11 hours flight to Japan + 2 hours from Belgrade to Frankfurt. I hope there will be enough place for my legs :insane:

  29. edwardpiercy says:

    They have regulations for chairs? Jeez. I mean, I knew that our governments are highly regulated — but chairs?Great post, Darko. You are correct — we humans do spend most of our time sitting on chairs, or couches at least. And as I write this I sit on my Stanley Chippendale dining chair.

  30. gdare says:

    Two years ago I travelled with JAL in Boeing 747-400 with a lot of old folks from Japan on their way home from Italy. I was probbly the tallest person in a whole airplane and they died laughing watching me trying to make myself more comfortable :irked:

  31. edwardpiercy says:

    @ Pam. Maybe you should fly Quantas next time. Aussies are a nice, big people!

  32. PainterWoman says:

    Darko, when I went to Vietnam a year ago on China Air, my son and I were tallest. It's a very nice airlines and are very accommodating but when you are tall there is nothing they can do to help…..where do you put your legs?!!! The flight hours were 20 total with one change of planes. Excruciating! I made sure to get up every hour and walk up and down the length of the plane because I didn't want my feet to swell. He has been to Vietnam six times and he is taller than everyone. At first, everyone stared at he and his fiance if they walked around by themselves. But when we were with her family, everything was ok and people didn't stare too much. They are a very petite people. All the women my age were a foot shorter or more. I felt like a giant. They were very friendly and met me with open arms.

  33. LorenzoCelsi says:

    Mostly regulations are for work places to protect people from injures related to their job. Like falling from the chair or getting sore back. In your house you can sit on whatever you like, in fact I've seen many "design" chairs that were anything but ergonomic.

  34. thaodp says:

    πŸ™‚

  35. gdare says:

    Ed – I am flying with Lufthansa this time :DMit – πŸ™‚

  36. gdare says:

    Ed – I like old fashioned chairs as well as ergonomic office stuff. I think propositions and standards are there so you cannot sue a company if you fall and hurt yourself :left:Adele – in general, they were nice and polite; only the length of my legs was funny to them :DLorenzo – I agree :up:Pam – I know the feeling from my stay in Japan πŸ˜€

  37. gdare says:

    :D:sst: Allan, Nik, Martin and Rune, they are big people?

  38. edwardpiercy says:

    I've just been doing some comparison airline shopping for a "visit" to my Opera friends. I'll be posting it later. Lufthansa is good. Or SAS, they are a nice big people also. πŸ™‚

  39. edwardpiercy says:

    Well…I guess I always think about big tall Vikings with hammers.Come to think of it, Martin IS a tall Viking — 186 cm by his report. I don't know about the hammer. You'll have to ask him.:lol:

  40. LorenzoCelsi says:

    Darko, Alitalia is selling off, do you want to buy a couple of second hand airplanes?

  41. PainterWoman says:

    Have never been to the plane graveyard. My brother used to have a pilots license and loves planes. He, I and his wife have just been to a couple of small airports this month just to look at planes. The graveyard may have to be our next excursion. As to making a house out of one of these, I wouldn't be able to live in the city limits….especially Phoenix….too many city codes. I had to get a special permit just to have a four foot chain link fence installed in the frontyard. The code says only three feet. I'd probably have to hire a real estate lawyer or a contractor to handle getting all the permits.

  42. edwardpiercy says:

    @ Darko. A cigar house is just a long, very thin house. @ Pam. Bummer! :down: :down:

  43. gdare says:

    Ed – at least I hope he don`t consider himself as a Thor :lol:Lorenzo – I might, then I will have only one passenger seat in a whole plane :DMik – now I remember πŸ™‚ but I haven`t seen it though

  44. gdare says:

    Pam – I think my whole neighbourhood would :eyes: at me and my airplane – house :lol:Ed – what is tyle cigar house?

  45. edwardpiercy says:

    Pam, don't they have that old military airplane graveyard in Arizona? With the government in financial trouble, I'd bet you could pick up an old beat-up B52 for a steal. :up:They had an article in our local newpaper selling a train boxcar for $300. I think a person could make a pretty cool New Orleans tyle cigar house out of that. Solar roof, pellet stoves, all energy-saving applicances, few windows (but a couple of solarium windows at the top to let natural light in.

  46. PainterWoman says:

    If I had the money to buy a second hand airplane, here's what I'd do with it:http://www.airforcetimes.com/news/2008/06/airforce_plane_house_062808/I can't wait to see this when it is done and view a tour of the inside.As an artist, I see myself living in something very different, but I guess you have to have big bucks to be different.

  47. Dacotah says:

    😎

  48. Dacotah says:

    πŸ˜€

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