Stift Melk (Melk Abbey) is an Austrian Benedictine abbey, and one of the world's most famous moneasteries. The abbey was founded in 1089 when Leopold II, Margrave of Austria gave one of his castles to Benedictine monks from Lambach Abbey. Today's impressive baroque abbey was built between 1702 and 1736.
This is a view from a main street of Melk:
One part of this impressive abbey left me breathless. I suppose all of you have heard for Umberto Eco and his novel The Name of the Rose. One of the characters from a book and also from a movie (starring Sean Conerry) was Adso of Melk, as a tribute for the abbey and its library. And this is it:
I just stood there, amazed. Then I grabbed my camera 😀
A school was founded in the 12th Century, and the monastic library soon became renowned for its extensive manuscript collection. The monastery was also a major site for the production of manuscripts. If you take a closer look you will see a small door on the shelf with books – behind there is a small room where manuscripts were made.
The area around Melk was given to Margrave Leopold I in the year 976 to serve as a buffer between the Turks and Huns to east and Bavaria to the west. In 996 mention was first made of an area known as Ostarichi – which is recognized as the origin of the word Oesterreich (German for Austria).
Maybe some of you haven`t heard for Umberto Eco and his novel but I suppose a lot of you are familiar with Richard The Lionhart, king of England who lived from 1157 till 1199. On his way back from Third Crusade War (in 1193), Duke Leopold V of Austria captured him in a castle above the Dürnstein, a small town in Lower Austria.
A castle was almost totaly destroyed by the Swedes in 1645. and tody it looks like this:
There is a steep path that leads from a town to the remnants of castle and there is a beautiful view to a Dunav (Danube river, Donau), surrounding hills with vineyards and town itself. I was surprised to see how fast and strong river is there, very narrow at he same time, unlike what we have here in Zemun 😀
More photographs about melk and Dürnstein in my photo album. I will add more photos when I got them all checked 😀
This is my last post about trip to Vienna. It is possible though, that in some later post I use photographs or some interesting story connected to it. I hope you enjoyed reading, despite my terrible sentence constructions 😛