Kalemegdan

Kalemegdan is old fortress almost in center of a Belgrade. Placed in an ridge (125.5m), above confluence of river Sava into Dunav (Danube), this is one of the largest parks in a city. The name comes from Turkish kale (fortress) and megdan (battlefield). But in old times, Turks used to call it Fićir bajir (Fichir bayir) – a hill for contemplation.
The history of a fortress is also a history of a Belgrade itself. First settlement was founded in the 3rd century BC by the Celtic tribe of Scordisci. Later, the place was conquered by Romans and became a part of military frontier, known as Singidunum. During 4th and 5th century, fortress was attacked and destroyed many times by attacks of Goths and Huns. There is a legend that says that Attila's grave lies on the confluence of the Sava and the Danube (under the Fortress). Fortress kept changing its masters: Byzantines, Hungarians, Bulgarians, and then again the Byzantines until 12th century when it became a part of Serbian state. After the Serbian state collapsed after the Battle of Kosovo (1389), Belgrade was chosen in 1404 as the capital of the principality of Despot Stefan Lazarević. Major work was done to the ramparts which were encircling a town.


Stefan Lazarević`s tower
After the Despots death in 1427 it had to be returned to Hungary. Turks tried to invade it in 1427 but failed. They succeeded in 1521 and it remained under Ottoman Empire until 1867 when Turks withdrew from Belgrade and Serbia.
Today, upper part of Kalemegdan is turned out to be a park with beautiful promenades, statue of Pobednik (Victor), Roman well (made by Austrians :D), Observatory and Planetarium (on top of Stefan Lazarević`s tower), Military Museum, Museum of forestry and hunting, Monument of the Gratitude to France, basketball and tennis courts, etc.


Statue of Pobednik
It is a nice place, indeed. A place where I have spent a lot of time walking and sitting, looking over the river toward my hometown, Zemun.

enlarge
More photos about Belgrade and Kalemegdan you can find here.

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39 Responses to Kalemegdan

  1. gdare says:

    Tilla, I hope you are not. Because it will mean I am talking to a ghost :insane: But as far as I remember you have spent only 2 lifes, so many of them are still there 😀

  2. gdare says:

    Lorenzo, I know that Turkish pirates were attacking ships and cities all along Mediterranean sea. They couldn`t reach Italy by land because they were stopped in Balkan, so they tried by sea.

  3. LorenzoCelsi says:

    In Italy the conflict with the Turks and also islamic invaders/pirates from north Africa was mostly fought on the sea. There are MANY little towers along the shores that was used to alert cities and towns when an enemy ship was in sight. Some places in the south went under islamic control at times. This went on for centuries with the opposed fleets predating each other and the enemy cities.

  4. LorenzoCelsi says:

    Very interesting.

  5. attilasoul says:

    There is a legend that says that Attila's grave lies on the confluence of the Sava and the Danube

    What? I'm dead? :eyes: I thought I still had some lives left. :cry:Anyway – interesting story! :yes:

  6. LorenzoCelsi says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marco_Antonio_Bragadinhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holy_LeagueSince the very beginning the problem was West Europe was divided in a myriad of powers at war to each other with only the authority of the Pope to keep them together.In the East the Byzantine empire struggled to restore the ancient roman control on the mediterranean but failed and lost all the provinces one by one till only the capital was left to face the Turk besige.With the "crusades" in between. (they weren't called "crusades" at the time then).Plus all the ancient roman domains in north africa had become muslim and several places in south europe too, inclueded Spain (re-conquered only at the end of 1400) and south Italy.

  7. gdare says:

    Thanks for the link Lorenzo, interesting story :up:

  8. LorenzoCelsi says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman-Venetian_Wars_(1499-1503)1499 – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Zonchio1500 – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lepanto_(1500)1571 – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lepanto_(1571)"Despite the significant victory, however, the Holy League's disunity prevented the victors from capitalizing on their triumph. Plans to seize the Dardanelles as a step towards recovering Constantinople for Christendom, were ruined by bickering amongst the allies."

  9. Capegirl says:

    …those Turks and their incessant invasions…What a VIEW! It looks a great place for comtemplation. 😀

  10. gdare says:

    Michelle it were a times like this, everyone wanted to spread their kingdom as wide as possible.And this is a nice view there. There is a wall I was sitting at while I have made that photo. I always do that. You can see a part of it in my first photo here and some people sitting there 😀

  11. ellinidata says:

    Darko,what an interesting post this is !There are many sites along the "Egnatia Avenue" that remind me so much of your city!what amazes me in all of your pictures is how clean the city of Belgrade is! every time I see your pictures it is like taking a trip to my place :up:

  12. Capegirl says:

    😀 the turks tried it on everywhere I'm telling you :DI'll sit there with you in spirit 🙂

  13. gdare says:

    Angeliki – Egnatia Avenue in Thessaloniki? I have been twice in Thessaloniki and I am sure that first time I was walking through Egnatia Avenue and have seen Roman gate, Kamara. But it was soooo long ago :awww: Do you know that Thessaloniki is Solun in Serbian?Michelle – thank you :happy:

  14. SittingFox says:

    Looks like a fascinating place! I love old buildings and ruins 😀

  15. gdare says:

    Oh… you know Frodo Bagins? You live in a Shire? :eyes::D

  16. SittingFox says:

    Oh yes 🙂 We've got a church in the village which is almost 1000 years old, and another building of about the same age. They're not ruins but yes, there is a strong sense of history in many places. Ancient peoples buried their dead in barrows in the Downs. If you've read the Lord of the Rings, you'll know something about that 😆

  17. SittingFox says:

    Well, I haven't actually seen any hobbits, but I gather they try to avoid the attention of us anyway :DI meant the barrow-wights, the monsters that the hobbits encounter soon after leaving Tom Bombadil. Haven't seen any of those either but I will keep a watch out, and certainly you don't want to be up on these hills in the fog :eyes:

  18. gdare says:

    I suppose you have a lot of them in England 😀

  19. ricewood says:

    I've learned something new today – thanks to this entry. Really interesting, as is most history. It's fascinating to think about how big the world actually is, especially when considering the amount of history present in every city, every bit of countryside and in every single person on this planet.

  20. ellinidata says:

    @ Darko,sorry I am responding so late, I lost notices from your post let me think why hmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm………..Opera!I have been many times in Kamara Thessaloniki :)I guess we did walk in the same places :lol:Egnatia Avenue, is the original name of the Avenue that connected Rome and Constantinople. Along the sides of it you can see many ruins that are exactly the same like in your picture!When I was young I used to climp up on them pretending I was a princes :pThe problem was I wouldn't come down and my dad had to come and resque me .He still talks about it.Have a great afternoon, (it must be close to 2:30pm now in your neck of the woods ) 🙂

  21. gdare says:

    Allan – history of an old castle or fortress is not always nice but without doubt is interesting 😀 What did you learn out of it?Angeliki – our parents always remember those things; especially the most embarrasing ones :lol:Thanks, now it is 16:55 and I am ready to go home from job :happy

  22. ricewood says:

    It was almost all new to me. The stuff about Belgrade in general and the fortress in particular.It's a nice input – made me google some more…..

  23. gdare says:

    You can take a look at my previous posts about Belgrade, I hope you will find something interesting too :happy:

  24. ricewood says:

    Going there!

  25. gdare says:

    Hi Rose 🙂 You have just prove it by visiting one of the historically very rich places :yes:

  26. rose-marie says:

    That's true :happy:.My favourite vacation is somewhere warm with a historical place (or more) to visit. I love walking around old ruins or intact old fortresses and such :D.

  27. rose-marie says:

    Yesiree. I haven't looked through the photos yet, but will later this week :up:.

  28. rose-marie says:

    Cool post! I love historic places like this :D. It's like there is so much in the walls and the atmosphere.

  29. gdare says:

    :yes:We all are expecting some photos and few posts, you know that, right?:D

  30. Cynthia23 says:

    Thanks for this nice reading with its lovely images, gdare!

  31. gdare says:

    Thank you for visiting my post :happy:

  32. Cynthia23 says:

    You're welcome.

  33. yomeriux says:

    WOw, it looks amazing!! I like the statue of Pobednik.:yes:

  34. gdare says:

    Thanks :happy:

  35. martinouellette says:

    I liked the panorama one. 🙂

  36. gdare says:

    It is really excellent view from that wall.To make it I have used stitching option in my Canon camera and later, at home, software for connecting these photographs. I think there were about 5 photos and this software is so good I couldn`t find a connection points.Thanks, Martin.

  37. martinouellette says:

    wow nice job. I'll have to check that, it looks real good. :up:

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